Specialized Medical Services Diabetes, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases

Diabetes, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases

Diabetes, nutritional and metabolic diseases is the medical specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of patients with metabolic disorders.

Metabolism is a complex physicochemical process by which organic substances are degraded or synthesized with release or consumption of energy. Through metabolizing the nutrients - proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, minerals and vitamins are formed essential compounds for body, with energetic, structural and functional role. The term metabolism comes from Greek : metabol - change.

Diabetes is a disorder characterized by increased blood glucose with or without insulin resistance with changes in the metabolisms of : carbohydrates, lipids, proteins. Diabetes may start or may evolve to acute metabolic complications - diabetic coma or chronic complications: neurological - diabetic neuropathy, renal - diabetic nephropathy, ophthalmic - diabetic retinopathy, cardiovascular.

Nutrition is the study of energy needs and nutrients involved in the normal development of the body, the relationship between dietary intake - energy consumption as well as consequences of food excess or nutrient deficiencies.

Metabolic diseases are characterized by excessive accumulation of certain chemicals with neurologic, hepatic, cardiac, retardation of somatic development.
Most known inherited metabolic disorders are: phenylketonuria - accumulation of phenylalanine and its metabolites, glycogen storage diseas - accumulation of glycogen in muscle and liver, lysosomal storage disorders - lysosomal enzyme deficiency with the accumulation of the of undegraded substrate in the nervous system, liver, spleen, kidney, myocardium, gout - excess accumulation of uric acid which is deposited in the joints and the kidneys, hemochromatosis - excess iron deposit in the liver, pancreas, on skin, Wilson's disease - copper deposit in the liver, nervous system, cornea - Fleicher Kyser ring.

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Dr. Constantin Marilena
Dr. Marilena Constantin
Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases Senior Specialist
General Practice Senior Specialist
Clinical examination 300
Check-up examination (within 30 days from the initial examination) 100
Induced hyperglycemia test (investigation lasts about 2 hours) 100
Oscillometry 20